Policy Overview

In 2020, under the framework of the European Green Deal, the European Union (EU) committed to achieving net-zero emissions by 2050 as part of the Climate Law 2021/1119. The target was proposed in December 2019 alongside the EU Green Deal, and is an increase in ambition from the EU’s previous 2009 aim to reduce emissions by 80-95% by 2050. The legislation includes measures to track progress and review progress every five years. The law also proposed a new 2030 target to reduce emissions by at least 55%, and for existing policy to be reviewed in line with the new ambition for 2030.

Policy Passed

After predominantly supportive corporate and industry lobbying on the policy the high ambition of the legislation was upheld.

InfluenceMap Query

Alignment with IPCC on Climate Action

Policy Status

Inactive: completed

The bill was approved May-June 2021 and entered into force in July 2021.

Evidence Profile

0496364666

European Commission

European Parliament

European Council

Lobbying Overview

Overview of Corporate and Industry Lobbying

The aggregated evidence of corporate and industry lobbying on the 2050 Climate Law shows strongly supportive engagement from the majority of EU industry, however with a minority of actors stressing concerns regarding impacts on competitiveness.

Long-term Lobbying Trends

The vast majority of lobbying on the EU’s Climate Law has been strongly supportive of the net-zero by 2050 goal. This includes entities from the road transportation sector, the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA) and the aviation sector including the Airports Council International Europe (ACI Europe), and energy-intensive sectors such as Cefic and FuelsEurope.

A small proportion of lobbying was unsupportive of the net-zero goal, entities such as Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie (Federation of German Industries) stressed concerns about the impacts on competitiveness and emphasizing the small contribution of the EU to global emissions to justify opposition to the target. BusinessEurope has repeatedly stated support for the net-zero goal but supporting a timeline of “around mid-century” instead of specifically 2050 since 2018. BASF advocated for maintaining the EU’s 2009 target of 80-95% emissions reductions by 2050.

Lobbying Impacts on Policy Ambition

Strongly supportive lobbying appeared to strenghten the target’s ambition. Intense engagement from heavy industry and cross-sector associations did not appear to weaken the position of the EU Commission, Parliament and Council.

Policy adopted

  • Target of net-zero emissions by 2050: The Climate Law, as well as setting the 2050 GHG target, addresses the necessary steps to achieve the target. This includes setting an increased 2030 GHG target, and legislated a process for setting a 2040 climate target in the future.
  • Advisory board: The policy also established a European Scientific Advisory Board on Climate Change, that will provide independent scientific advice to EU policymakers.

InfluenceMap Query

Alignment with IPCC on Climate Action

Policy Status

Inactive: completed

The bill was approved May-June 2021 and entered into force in July 2021.

Evidence Profile

0496364666

European Commission

European Parliament

European Council

Live Lobbying Alerts

Entities Engaged on Policy

The table below lists the entities found to be most engaged with the policy. InfluenceMap tracks over 350 companies and 150 industry associations globally. Each entity name links to its full InfluenceMap profile, where the evidence of its engagement can be found.

Influencemap Performance BandOrganizationEngagement Intensity
DExxonMobil50EnergyNorth America
C-Shell63EnergyEurope
BApple29Information TechnologyNorth America
CBP60EnergyEurope
CVolkswagen Group54AutomobilesEurope
D-BusinessEurope53All SectorsEurope
C-European Chemical Industry Council (Cefic)58ChemicalsEurope
CEuropean Round Table for Industry (ERT)20All SectorsEurope
D+European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA)40AutomobilesEurope
D-International Federation of Industrial Energy Consumers (IFIEC)35All SectorsEurope