Policy Overview

The EU 2030 Climate Target Plan was announced in December 2019 alongside the European Green Deal, and proposed to increase the ambition of the EU’s 2030 GHG target from the 40% target set in 2013 to at least 55%, in order to align with the EU’s new long-term target of carbon neutrality by 2050. It was open to industry lobbying from March 2020 when the EU Commission launched a public consultation to gather stakeholder views on the level of ambition. The target is for “net” emissions reductions, including emissions removals from carbon sinks such as forests, meaning that actual emissions reductions could be lower than 55%.

Policy passed

The majority of corporate and industry lobbying on the proposal was supportive of raising the target’s ambition to 55% emissions reductions by 2030, however, a considerable proportion of EU industry was unsupportive of any increase above 40%.

InfluenceMap Query

GHG Emission Regulation

Policy Status

Inactive: completed

Evidence Profile

1914663116451

European Commission

European Parliament

European Council

Lobbying Overview

Overview of Corporate and Industry Lobbying

The aggregated evidence of corporate and industry lobbying on the update of the 2030 Climate Target shows mostly supportive engagement from most sectors, although with negative lobbying from cross-sector associations and heavy industry.

Long-term Lobbying Trends

The utilities sector appeared to be a powerful positive force for increasing the 2030 target to at least 55%, with highly supportive lobbying in 2019-21 from key industry associations, including Eurelectric and WindEurope, and from corporate actors in the sector such as EDF, Enel and Fortum.

The consumer products and technology sector also strongly supported the more raise to 55% emissions reductions, such as Coca-Cola and Nestlé.

A notable proportion of corporate and industry lobbying was not supportive of increasing the policy’s ambition. This included lobbying from powerful industry associations in 2020 and 2021 such as BusinessEurope, the BDI) and the International Federation of Industrial Energy Consumers (IFIEC), which stress the risk of carbon leakage and the uncertainty and insecurity increased climate ambition would cause for businesses. Industry associations representing heavy industry, such as CEMBUREAU and Eurofer, argued that the challenges outweigh the opportunities that arise from higher ambition and stressed the difficulties in achieving the 55% target.

After Commission adoption

Some entities evolved their positions on the 2030 target after it was formally adopted by the EU Commission in April 2021. Eurofer and the Verband der Chemischen Industrie (German Chemical Industry Association), which had been lobbying negatively on the proposed increase, have become supportive of the new goal.

Lobbying Impacts on Policy Ambition

By considering the potential scenarios in the EU Commission's original Impact Assessment Report for the 2030 Climate Target, and comparing this to the final proposal, a gauge of the impact of industry lobbying can be taken. In this case, strongly supportive engagement by much of EU industry led to more ambitious positions by the EU Commission, Parliament and Council.

  • 2030 Target: A net target of at least 55% has been approved by EU policymakers, increased from 40%. However, the target is not sufficient to limit warming to 1.5°C, according to a United Nations Environment Programme 2019 report, which estimated that the EU must increase its interim target in 2030 to 68% to comply with the goal.
  • It is possible that lobbying prior to 2019 when the increase was proposed which was unsupportive of increasing the 2030 target above 40%, from entities including Cefic, BusinessEurope and FuelsEurope, dissuaded the EU Commission from proposing a higher target in line with 1.5°C

Policy Progress

The EU Council and Parliament reached an agreement on the 2030 target in April 2021. The target is now being implemented via the ‘Fit for 55 package’.

InfluenceMap Query

GHG Emission Regulation

Policy Status

Inactive: completed

Evidence Profile

1914663116451

European Commission

European Parliament

European Council

Live Lobbying Alerts

Entities Engaged on Policy

The table below lists the entities found to be most engaged with the policy. InfluenceMap tracks over 350 companies and 150 industry associations globally. Each entity name links to its full InfluenceMap profile, where the evidence of its engagement can be found.

Influencemap Performance BandOrganizationEngagement Intensity
C-General Electric31IndustrialsNorth America
C-Shell63EnergyEurope
BApple29Information TechnologyNorth America
CBP60EnergyEurope
CVolkswagen Group54AutomobilesEurope
D-BusinessEurope53All SectorsEurope
C-European Chemical Industry Council (Cefic)58ChemicalsEurope
CEuropean Round Table for Industry (ERT)20All SectorsEurope
D+European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA)40AutomobilesEurope
D-International Federation of Industrial Energy Consumers (IFIEC)35All SectorsEurope